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What is exec mode?

What is exec mode?

User EXEC level allows you to access only basic monitoring commands; privileged EXEC level allows you to access all router commands. There are five command modes: global configuration mode, interface configuration mode, subinterface configuration mode, router configuration mode, and line configuration mode.

How do I copy running-config to startup-config?

The running configuration is stored in RAM; the startup configuration is stored in NVRAM. To display the current running configuration, enter the show running-config command. Enter the copy running-config startup-config command to save the current running configuration to the startup configuration file in NVRAM.

How do I copy a run start?

copy run start

  1. Command. Copy Running-config Startup-config.
  2. Use. This command lets you save your running configuration to the router’s startup configuration (NVRAM) so it will survive a reload.
  3. Syntax. Router#copy running-config startup-config.
  4. Example. In the below example R1’s startup configuration is saved. R1#copy run start.

Is WR the same as copy run start?

Just remember though, if you are in the wrong configuration register “wr” will lose your configuration after a reload/when you change the configuration register whereas “copy run start” will just copy the contents of the running configuration to the start-up configuration.

How do I copy TFTP to running-config?

Log in > Go to enable mode > issue a “copy tftp running-config”* command > Supply the IP address of the TFTP server > Give the backup file a name. Note: You can also use startup-config to restore the config saved in NVRAM rather than the running-config.

What is the shortest abbreviated version of the copy running-config startup-config command?

copy run start

Which command backs up your license to flash memory?

license save flash command

What command will copy the startup-config to my computer?

running-config nvram

What is startup-config?

A startup configuration is stored in the nonvolatile memory of a device, which means that all configuration changes are saved even if the device loses power. To copy your running configuration into the startup configuration you need to type the command copy running-configuration startup-configuration….

When the copy running-config startup-config command is issued on a router where is the configuration saved?

When the copy running-config startup-config command is issued on a router, the configuration is saved in the non-volatile random access memory ( NVRAM ) memory. The copy startup-config running-config command copies the version in RAM to NVRAM .

How many files are currently stored in flash?

3 files

Where is the startup-config file stored?


Why would a technician enter the command copy startup-config running config?

1. Why would a technician enter the command copy startup-config running- config? To remove all configurations from the switch To save an active configuration to NVRAM To copy an existing configuration into RAM To make a changed configuration the new startup configuration 2.

How much non volatile random access memory Nvram does the router have?

On most Cisco routers, the NVRAM area is somewhere between 16 and 256Kb, depending on the size and function of the router.

Is Nvram the same as Flash?

NVRAM is a subset of the larger category of non-volatile memory (NVM), which includes storage-class memory based on NAND flash. Flash memory chips are slower to read to and write from than RAM chips, making them less well suited for active computational memory.

Is ROM Non-Volatile?

Read-only memory (ROM) is a type of non-volatile memory used in computers and other electronic devices. Data stored in ROM cannot be electronically modified after the manufacture of the memory device.

What does clearing Nvram do?

Contents. NVRAM stores peripheral data such as volume, display resolution and brightness, startup-disk selection, and time settings. Resetting the NVRAM is a quick, easy, way to troubleshoot a misbehaving Mac—it doesn’t delete any data from your storage drive, and it doesn’t require any tools or repair experience.

How do you know if your PRAM is reset?

Once your hear the startup chime a second time, the PRAM has been reset and you can release the keys.

Will resetting SMC delete my files?

Reset the System Management Controller (SMC) Resetting the SMC will not delete any saved data on the computer, but rather reset certain settings on the computer; ultimately speeding up your Mac….

How do I know if SMC reset worked?

4 Answers

  1. Charging indicator is orange light when machine powered off.
  2. Keep pressing Shift + Option + Control + Power for 10 seconds and indicator is still orange.
  3. Indicator turns to green when release all keystrokes and keeps almost 1 second.
  4. Light turns to orange then.

How do I make sure my SMC is reset?


  1. Shut down the computer.
  2. On the left side of the keyboard, press and hold the Shift, Control, and Option keys while simultaneously holding the power button.
  3. After 10 seconds, release all of the keys.
  4. Turn on your MacBook.

How long does it take to reset SMC?

The method for resetting a Mac’s SMC depends on the type of Mac you have. All SMC reset instructions require shutting down your Mac first. If your Mac fails to shut down, press and hold the power button until the Mac shuts down, which usually takes 10 seconds or so….

What does an SMC reset do?

An SMC or System Management Controller Reset can fix various power related issues, such as a piece of hardware not functioning correctly….

Do I need to reset SMC frequently?

Repeatedly needing to reset the SMC indicates a hardware failure. It could be as simple as some sensors that are bad and reporting continuous bad readings that the SMC can’t handle. It also could be the SMC itself has issues….

How do you clean up my Mac to make it run faster?

13 Ways To Make Your Mac Run Faster Right Now

  1. Delete the programs you don’t use anymore. Screenshot.
  2. Free up hard drive space in general.
  3. Run Monolingual!
  4. Close memory-hogging processes.
  5. If you still actually use Dashboard, get rid of the widgets you don’t use.
  6. Add more memory.
  7. Clean up the apps that launch at startup.
  8. Update your software!

What happens when you reset the SMC on a Macbook Pro?

The System Management Controller (SMC) controls most power functions on modern Macs. Resetting the SMC can resolve some computer issues such as not starting up, not displaying video, sleep issues, fan noise issues, battery charging and more….

How do you hard reset a MacBook?

How to Factory Reset: MacBook

  1. Restart your computer: hold the power button > select Restart when it appears.
  2. While the computer restarts, hold down the ‘Command’ and ‘R’ keys.
  3. Once you see the Apple logo appear, release the ‘Command and R keys’
  4. When you see a Recovery Mode menu, select Disk Utility.

How do I reset the memory on my Mac?

Shut down your Mac, then turn it on and immediately press and hold these four keys together: Option, Command, P, and R. You can release the keys after about 20 seconds, during which your Mac might appear to restart. On Mac computers that play a startup sound, you can release the keys after the second startup sound.

How do you soft reset a MacBook pro?

Choose Apple menu > Shut Down. After your Mac shuts down, press Shift-Control-Option on the left side of the built-in keyboard, then press the power button at the same time. Hold these keys and the power button for 10 seconds. If you have a MacBook Pro with Touch ID, the Touch ID button is also the power button.